CV vs Curriculum Vitae (CV): what's the difference?


Whether you are applying for a scholarship, a master's place, or a full-fledged job, you need to provide relevant information to market yourself to those who choose the best candidate.

The best way to do this is to create a curriculum vitae or curriculum vitae (CV) that describes you, your experience, and everything you have accomplished so far.

But how do you know what kind of document to produce?

To some, a CV and a CV may seem like interchangeable words. It turns out that there are differences between the two documents, as well as differences in the types of places you want to send a CV versus a CV.

To make that decision clearer – and to make it easier for you to create your CV or CV – here are the biggest differences between the two documents.


A resume is the typical document required of job seekers in the United States and Canada. We will talk about other countries a little further in this article.

The CV is a summary of your work and your educational experience. You will need to be strategic in create your CV to showcase all your best work, since the document is a summary, you cannot describe every single achievement you have made throughout your career. Also, don't be afraid to cut and tailor your resume for each job you apply for.

Unless stated otherwise, you should assume that most hiring managers expect a CV. Academia is a different story – they might just expect a longer, more detailed CV instead – but more on that later.

What does it look like?

Often recruiters and HR managers receive multiple applications for an available job posting. They want to quickly scan through resumes to narrow the pool to interview candidates. This is why your CV should not be longer than approximately two pages and include easy-to-scan bullets that showcase your greatest accomplishments.

In the few minutes that someone spends taking a look at your resume, you need to make sure that they realize that you stand out from the crowd.

Your CV should always include work experience, especially the experience most relevant to the position you are applying for. Ideally, your resume should be tailored to the field you want to work in and the job you want to get. So even if you were the editor of your college newspaper, it may not be relevant when applying to teach science at the local high school.

You should always strive to add a summary at the top of your CV. It should be short, sweet and to the point. If anything, you can flesh out your expectations and highlight your greatest accomplishments in your cover letter – many employers require applicants to send both.

The resume

Curriculum vitae means course of life in Latin, which is your first clue that a CV is a bit longer than a CV. This document is most popular in the academic world, where aspiring researchers, masters and doctoral students. applicants can add to all of their accomplishments.

More importantly – especially in the case of academics – the CV is a place where you can share all of your educational accomplishments and publications. The latter is especially important for those who wish to move up the ranks of higher education.

Posting gives more weight to your research and location. In short, an educational institution will love to host you if you have proven your ability to be published, so that you can get their name known as well.

Resumes created as part of higher education should also include your teaching experience, previous degrees, any presentations you have made on your field of study and, of course, any awards. that you have already received.

You will have plenty of room to flesh out all of this information, and since the document is so long, you can probably create a CV that will apply to every application you submit, unlike the short and straightforward CV.

Of course, the CV is not only used for students who aspire to graduate degrees. CVs are the common application document in many countries. They are also used for those entering the field of medicine.

What does it look like?

Anyone who has graduated beyond the baccalaureate knows how much is needed and how much there is to talk about. This is why CVs are generally longer than Quick and Sharp CVs. Even an entry-level resume can span two pages, and some more detailed make pages.

Like a CV, your CV should be blocked into categories. A good way to create your CV is first think about all the accomplishments you want to include. Then, once you've written them all, group them into categories.

You'll want to make sure your CV includes all of your major academic accomplishments, such as:

  • Search completed
  • Teaching experience
  • Professional Association Memberships and Licenses
  • Subsidies
  • Grants and scholarships
  • Awards
  • Publications
  • Presentations

Again, this will all need to be in order on your CV page to logically move from one category to another.

Don't forget the international expectations

Not all job or training applications come with a specific resume or CV request. If you are applying from abroad, it is good to know where the first is expected, where the second is expected and where the terms are more or less interchangeable.

If you want a job in the US or Canada, there's a good chance they'll ask you for a CV. The only time you would be expected to produce a longer CV would be if you are applying for a research position or for an academic pursuit.

In the UK, Ireland, New Zealand and most of Europe, CV reigns supreme. This is true for any position, academic or professional – those who select applicants will want a fully detailed CV.

Then, of course, there are the jokers. Places like Australia, South Africa and India use the terms CV and CV interchangeably, but there is one difference: CV is often used for positions in the industry. public, while the CV is sufficient for most private sector jobs.

Is there an overlap?

These are the typical scenarios that would call for a CV or CV. Of course, it's not always black and white, and you might find yourself submitting a CV with your next job application or a CV for the postgraduate scholarship that you really want.

The most important thing to remember when writing your resume or CV is that you include the information that your employer or educational institution wants to hear. You should always make sure that your writing is clear and that the structure makes sense. The appearance of the document should also always be clean.

If you want to be extra careful, prepare both a curriculum vitae or a CV before your job or scholarship search. It may take a bit longer to prepare both documents, but you'll be happy to have them on hand when you apply and find that one institution wants a CV, while the next wants the CV.

As always, feel free to share your accomplishments, whether professional or academic. You've worked hard to create that awesome resume or resume, so show it off – the right people are sure to notice.

p.s. Resumonk helps you create an impressive CV / CV in minutes. Check out these reviews on how he has helped thousands of people achieve their professional goals.

Edited by Sarah Landrum

Sarah Landrum, Career Expert for Millennials, is a freelance writer and founder of Punched Clocks, a career and lifestyle blog for millennials looking for happiness and career success.

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